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35 during the development of China's non-ferrous metals

According to estimates, compared with primary metal production per ton of recycled copper, recycled aluminum, recycled lead is equivalent to saving 1054 kilograms respectively, 3,443 kilograms and 659 kilograms of standard coal, saving 395 m, 22 m, 235 m, 380 tons, 20 tons of solid waste, reduction 128 tons per ton of recycled copper, sulphur dioxide emissions from secondary lead respectively equivalent to 0.137 and 0.03 tons.
due to the recycling of nonferrous metals had a good performance in recent years, the development of non-ferrous metals recycling in energy conservation effect is remarkable, renewable development is becoming an important development trend of non-ferrous metals industry. In areas such as mining, smelting, processing chains, complex technology, and non-ferrous metals industry become a key industry of energy conservation and emission reduction in recent years in China. Therefore, non-ferrous metal industry is one of the objectives of development bottleneck breakthrough of energy saving and environmental protection technologies, and development of recycled metal in a way that solves the problem.
in many production processes in the nonferrous metals industry, smelting is an important part of energy, among them, the energy consumption of aluminium smelting is the maximum. Currently, the DC power consumption for 13,000 tonnes of aluminium electrolytic ~1.33 million kWh, power cost of aluminium by 5% per cent of national energy consumption.
according to the statistics of the China Nonferrous metals industry association show 2010 produced 16.1945 million tonnes of electrolytic aluminum, 26.07% more than last year, surpassing 40% per cent global aluminum production. According to authoritative sources, China's electrolytic aluminum output has ranked first in the world for 10 years, 2010 China's production capacity has reached 22 million tons/year.
, to some extent, China's electrolytic aluminum and high yield at the same time, but also waste a lot of electricity in the energy-saving, will pose significant challenges to China's energy development. So, in recent years, the Chinese Government regulation of electrolytic aluminum and other nonferrous metals. On the curb, especially this year's electrolytic aluminum industry overcapacity and redundant construction of emergency notification guide the healthy development of the industry is even more strict. The provisions of the notice, to immediately halt plans to build around electrolytic aluminum projects, curb illegal approval of any new projects to expand capacity. Administrative Department and continued violation will be approval of the project, as well as violations of State environmental protection laws and regulations, industrial, land and credit supply policy, serious dereliction of duty or unintended behavior of great loss or adverse effects, depending on discipline shall be investigated for criminal responsibility of the person concerned.
it is worth noting is that with the strengthening of environmental awareness, policies on environmental protection, energy-saving and comprehensive utilization of resources in nonferrous metal industry gradually in power. In 2007, the national development and Reform Commission and National Bureau of statistics has released thousands of energy announcement. The same year, the NDRC ring Division issued a key energy-consuming enterprises energy efficiency benchmarking activities implementation of the program. The publication of these policies shows that shows that China's nonferrous metals industry in the past that high energy-consuming and highly polluting development will be gone.
at the third session of China secondary lead industry development Summit Forum, the General Office of the Ministry of industry and information technology, energy-saving and comprehensive utilization of the Division, including regenerative lead industry development of secondary non-ferrous metals industry, is directly related to development of nonferrous metals industry to change the way. At present, the industry and the relevant departments of the Ministry have jointly prepared a plan of the development of secondary non-ferrous metals industries, to promote the healthy development of the metal recycling industry.
it is reported that since the end of 2008, the industry and information technology organizations and recycling metal branch of the China Nonferrous metals industry association to strengthen research and positive analysis of industrial development situation and the new situation and new problems, study suggests that the development of secondary non-ferrous metals industry ideas, principles, goals, tasks and policy measures. In 2011, the Ministry of industry and information technology, Ministry of science and technology, the Ministry of Finance jointly issued the plan of development of secondary non-ferrous metals industry. Access the advance plan proposes to strengthen the industry, optimize industrial layout, speed up technological innovation, promoting industrial upgrading, implementation of demonstration projects, play a leading role, encouraged principles such as mergers and acquisitions, foster competitive enterprises. Ningbo recycling
analysis of the file separately from the scale and output, industry concentration and layout, equipment, energy saving and resource comprehensive utilization of specific goals. Proposed has optimization industry layout, and improve industry concentrated degrees, promote technology progress, and achieved industry transformation upgrade, support focus project, and upgrade overall development level, strengthening and manpower planning, and perfect recycling using system, task, and speed up established industry access system, increased technology development promotion efforts, implementation pilot model engineering construction, speed up eliminated behind production capacity, perfect policy regulations standard system, increased industry regulatory guide efforts, full play industry association role, measures.
, it has been revealed now to implement the plans, enhance the recycled copper, aluminum recycling, secondary lead industry access, access conditions are in the draw. Insiders pointed out that recycling nonferrous metals industry has a prominent effect of energy saving and emission reduction, to promote recycling and comprehensive utilization of resources, is important for achieving sustainable development of nonferrous metals industry, but also has significant employment effects.
Ministry of industry and information technology, energy saving and comprehensive utilization Division lead renewable energy development said, "the Twelve-Five" during the promotion of sustainable development of secondary non-ferrous metals industry in China will follow the basic principles: first, strengthening the industry access, optimize the industrial layout; second, speed up technological innovation, promoting industrial upgrading; the third is the implementation of demonstration projects, lead; four is to encourage mergers and reorganizations, nurturing competitive enterprises.
at the same time, the "Twelve-Five" development goals are: by 2015, mainly recycled non-ferrous metal production to reach 11.1 million tons, including recycled copper, 3.8 million tonnes, 5.8 million tons of scrap aluminum, recycled lead to 1.5 million tons. Recycled that year refined copper refined copper production reached 40%, aluminum recycling, secondary lead production accounted for electrolytic aluminum, refined lead production scale at 30%, 30%. Optimize the distribution of secondary non-ferrous metals industry and product structures, concentration improved significantly. Dismantling of pretreatment of secondary non-ferrous metals, melting, energy saving and environmental protection technology and equipment level to further improve the classification strengthened, comprehensive utilization of resources and energy-saving emission reduction achieved positive results.
as emerging features industry, also exists some urgently solution of problem, main including: a is industry "small, and bulk, and mess", concentrated degrees low, basic in spontaneous development State, lack planning guide and access conditions specification; II is equipment level lower; three is industry overall energy-saving emissions effect highlight, but to smelting link for representative of production process environmental situation severe; four is promote industry development of policy regulations standard system not perfect. Needs through the development of plans, specifications, is necessary to guide the development of secondary non-ferrous metals industry. BACK
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